Joseph Gardiner, PhD

University Distinguished Professor of Epidemiology and Biostatistics

Ph.D., 1978 (Statistics)
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
909 Wilson Road Room B601
East Lansing, Michigan 48824
Telephone: 517.353.8623

Joseph Gardiner is the founder of the Division of Biostatistics in the Department of Epidemiology in the College of Human Medicine. He has been at the university since 1978 and is Professor of Statistics and Probability in the College of Natural Science. Dr. Gardiner has collaborated extensively with epidemiologists and medical researchers at MSU, and with health services researchers outside the university. Since 1991, Dr. Gardiner has had a pivotal role in over 22 epidemiologic/clinical studies, many of these supported by NIH, and as principal biostatistician or collaborator in 12 additional NIH-funded projects. His recent and current research addresses statistical issues in cost-effectiveness analysis which grew from a comprehensive study of cost-effectiveness in heart disease and evaluation of the cost-effectiveness of the implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). His current research “Statistical Innovations in Health Services Research” builds upon this early work. It addresses the development of models that reflect the experience of patients in sustained and changing states of health, and methods for analyzing jointly both cost and effectiveness measures using multivariate methods from survival analyses.

Among his current collaborations with clinical and epidemiologic investigators are: (with Susan Schantz) a study of neuropsychological function among Great Lakes fisheaters exposed to polyhalogenated biphenyls and other environmental contaminants;  (with Robert Smith) improving quality of life in high-utilizing somatizing patients in managed care by strengthening the patient-provider relationship;  (with RK Thakur) a study of the efficacy of ICD therapy in broader classes of patients; (with Ved Gossain) an evaluation of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes including quality of diabetes care among workers in the automobile industry.

Dr. Gardiner serves on the editorial boards of American Heart Journal, Statistics & Probability Letters, Journal of Statistics & Applications, and previously on the editorial boards of Medical Decision Making and the American Statistical Association (ASA)/Society of Industrial & Applied Mathematics (SIAM) Series on Statistics & Applied Probability. He is a standing member of scientific review committees at NIMH and AHRQ.

Dr. Gardiner is a recipient of the Distinguished Faculty Award from MSU. He is a Fellow of the American Statistical Association and an Elected Member of the International Statistical Institute.



1. Hossain MM, Gardiner JC, Laditka JN. The economic benefits of community health centers in lowering preventable hospitalizations: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Health Services Research & Outcomes Methodology. 2015,1:23-36.

2. Gardiner JC, Reed PL, Bonner JD, Haggerty DK, Hale DG. Incidence of hospital-acquired pressure ulcers – a population-based cohort study. International Wound Journal. 2014: Online December 2014; doi: 10.1111/iwj.12386

3. Luo Z, Breslau J, Gardiner JC, Chen Q, Breslau N. Assessing interchangeability at cluster levels with multiple-informant data. Statistics in Medicine. 2014;10;33(3):361-75. PMCID: PMC3947300.

4. Gardiner JC, Luo Z, Roman LA. Fixed effects, mixed effects, random effects and GEE: What are the differences? Statistics in Medicine 2009;28:221-239. PMID: 19012297